The basic sentence structure of Kryptonian is VSO (verb-subject-object), and, although not statistically common amongst the languages of Earth, there are quite a few examples: The Goidelic Languages (Irish, Scottish Gaelic, & Manx), Classical Hebrew, Maori, and Tagalog are just a few.
Here is the basic structures for basic sentences and constituents in Kryptonian. Note that both the subject and the object are optional, but, in most practical uses, one or the other is necessary. It is also worth noting that the part of the sentence labeled "Object" is labeled such for convenience; a more apt label for this part would be "Non-Subject" as it may be comprised of traditional objects, adjectival phrases (with copulary verbs), obliques, and the like.
- Sentence → VP (NP:Subject) (Object)
- VP (Verb Phrase) → (Particles) Verb-Root+(Suffixes) (Adverbial Phrases) (Temporal Phrases)
- NP (Noun Phrase) → (Article / Possessive) (Counter) Noun (Adjectival Phrase) (Postpositional Phrase)
- Object → [Object Particle] NP
So, to get a feel for it, let's start with an extremely easy sentence...
From this example we can see the basic parts of the kryptonian sentence. In this particular case the verb, 'go', is in an intransitive state, and the "object", 'to home', is actually an oblique postpostional phrase.
Note that most verbs in Kryptonian are ambitransitive. No morpholigical changes occur in Kryptonian to mark transitivity.